Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM) is an international multi-stakeholder partnership and research project funded by the UK Natural Environment Research Council as part of the research council’s Towards a Sustainable Earth programme. Taking a whole-systems approach, this project addresses the challenge of leveraging rapid and extensive action to mitigate climate change to deliver the Agenda 2030 and a well below 1.5°C world. The project uses the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) framework to analyse (i) how interactions between human development and the environment change with rapid and extensive climate mitigation and (ii) how policy and practice interventions informed by a better understanding of enabling interactions can come together to create transformational change. 

The international OPTIMISM project team includes four partner institutions – Imperial College London, Lund University, Waseda University, and Ahmedabad University. Each partner team focuses on a specific sector case study: 

  • UK – Imperial College London (Mitigating land use impacts with dietary change)
  • SWEDEN – Lund University (Tackling hard to decarbonise industrial sectors)
  • JAPAN – Waseda University (100% renewable energy networks)
  • INDIA – Ahmedabad University (Low-Carbon Urban Transport and SDGs, with a focus on urban equity in two case study cities, Surat and Udaipur)

Darshini Mahadevia (Principal Investigator) and Minal Pathak (Co-Principal Investigator) lead the project team placed at Ahmedabad University, India, that is supported and funded by the Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Government of India. Chandrima Mukhopadhyay (Senior Research Associate), Saumya Lathia, Kanika Gaunder, Amitkumar Dubey, Bandish Patel, and Saleem Yatoo form the core research team at Ahmedabad University. The project focuses on transport, the third most-emitting sector in India, accounting for about 14% energy-related CO2 emissions. Indian cities, even at low levels of urbanisation, are among the 20 most polluted cities globally. Indian cities have low public transport coverage with two major implications, (i) it promotes dependency on private motorised transport, adding to local pollution and Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions, and (ii) it causes a lack of mobility for the city’s most vulnerable groups (women, elderly, differently-abled, urban poor, etc.) that depend on public transport to access housing, healthcare, basic services, and socioeconomic opportunities. The available public transport is often inconvenient or unaffordable to a large population segment. Thus, SDG-compatible low-carbon options for public transport bring synergies among climate change mitigation and sustainable development. The project is grounded in two Indian cities, an industrial metropolis, Surat, and a tourist city, Udaipur.

A key methodological contribution from the case studies will be a new assessment framework to understand linkages between SDGs and deep decarbonisation scenarios at the city level. The study is the first of its kind in the Indian context, and we expect the project outputs to inform national and city governments on transportation policies and actions. The project outputs include (i) Contribution to methodology development for climate mitigation and SDG interactions, in collaboration with all the international partners, and a paper emerging from it for a peer-reviewed journal; (ii) contribution to meta-theory on climate change mitigation and SDG interactions at the global level through four country findings and a paper emerging from it for the peer-reviewed journal; (iii) results of the study in India contributing to the process of Indian policy-making on the climate mitigation and SDGs together in the urban transport sector, with insights drawn from Surat and Udaipur, again leading to a peer-reviewed journal article; (iv) city-level policy briefs for the use of various stakeholders in each of the two cities; (v) e-stakeholder consultation on project methodology and (vi) two city level stakeholder consultations for each city on low-carbon transport and SDGs, one at the onset of the project and one at the end.

Darshini Mahadevia


Professor, School of Arts and Sciences

Darshini Mahadevia is a well-known scholar whose research focuses on equity concerns within urban policies relating to climate change adaptation, mitigation, and human and general development. She received her doctoral degree in Urban and Regional Development from Jawaharlal Nehru University. Prior to joining Ahmedabad University, she coordinated the Centre for Urban Equity and was the Dean of the Faculty of Planning at CEPT University, Ahmedabad. In particular, Professor Mahadevia’s research has focused on cities and the policies and processes of their development from an equity perspective. She argues for a bi-focal view to assess the impact of the modernist, deterministic, and top-down approach adopted in Urban Planning on the economically, socially, and politically weak segments of society and the city’s ecological resources. She is currently investigating urban data systems in the context of urban development dynamics, their sustainability, and equity. She also is a member of the High-Level Committee on Status of Women, India. Darshini has also been an Editorial Board Member of the International Development Planning Review - Journal of the University of Liverpool, Environment, and Urbanization - Asia, since 2019, and Singapore Journal of Tropical Geography since 2017. She has been an Advisory Board Member for Safetypin and WRI Ross Centre Prize for Cities since 2020. Darshini has over 120 publications as books, book chapters, and journal articles.

Minal Pathak


Associate Professor,Global Centre for Environment and Energy

Minal Pathak is a Senior Scientist with the Technical Support Unit of Working Group III, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) based at the Global Centre for Environment and Energy at Ahmedabad University and the Centre for Environmental Policy. Working Group III covers climate change mitigation, i.e. methods for reducing emissions of GHG and enhancing atmospheric sinks. She was a co-author on two IPCC Special Reports – Global Warming of 1.5°C and Climate Change and Land, IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report, and the recently published IPCC Synthesis Report. She leads the South Asia Hub of the Urban Climate Change Research Network in partnership with Columbia University’s Earth Institute. She is a Visiting Researcher at Imperial College London and has previously held a Visiting Scholar position at the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru. From 2016-17, she was Associate Professor and Head of the Doctoral Programme at CEPT University, Ahmedabad, and Assistant Professor at CEPT University from 2011-2016. Her research focuses on climate change mitigation strategies for urban settlements, transport, and buildings and their co-benefits/interlinkages with development. Her publications focus on low-carbon scenarios for India, demand-side mitigation actions, and their interlinkages with SDGs. Professor Pathak holds a PhD in Environmental Science.

Chandrima Mukhopadhyay


Chandrima Mukhopadhyay completed her doctorate at the School of Architecture, Planning, and Landscape, Newcastle University, UK. She has been part of the AESOP-YA (Association of European Schools of Planning - Young Academic) network from 2011 until 2021. She is currently the coordinator of the Global South and East thematic group of AESOP. Since 2022, she has joined the Regional Studies, Regional Science journal editorial board. Her teaching and research interests include the role of the private sector in infrastructure delivery and urban development, governance, megaprojects, urban transport, and urban finance. She has taught at the Faculty of Planning, CEPT University, India, and received the Outstanding Reviewer award from International Development Planning Review, Liverpool University. She has also been a visiting scholar at the MIT-UTM Malaysia Sustainable Cities Program (2017-2018). She is the Senior Research Associate at the School of Arts and Sciences, Ahmedabad University, India, for the OPTIMISM project.

Saumya Lathia


Saumya is a Research Associate at the Global Centre for Environment and Energy at Ahmedabad University. Prior to her engagement at the Centre, she worked for the OPTIMISM project at Ahmedabad University for nearly three years. Along with her engagement in key research tasks at OPTIMISM, she served in an administrative, financial, and compliance-reporting capacity. With an ambition to pursue a career in equitable and sustainable development, Saumya has served as an Element Scientist & Contributing Author for The Third Assessment Report on Climate Change and Cities (ARC3.3), a Data & Research Analyst at Los Angeles Homeless Services Authority (LAHSA), a Research Associate at Sol Price Center for Social Innovation (CSI) and a Research Assistant at CEPT’s Center for Urban Equity (CUE). Her research interests lie at the urban planning and climate science intersection, especially urban resilience, equity, and informalities challenges. Saumya holds a master’s in Planning from the University of Southern California’s Sol Price School of Public Policy, specialising in Sustainable Development, and a bachelor’s degree in Planning from CEPT, Ahmedabad. She received a prestigious scholarship at USC to study comparative public policy and administration approaches in the European Union and the US. Similarly, at CEPT, she received the UKIERI scholarship to study comparative urban development and planning in the UK and India. Saumya also received the Best Gender Thesis Award in 2017 for her undergrad thesis, Gender and Public Spaces: A Case Study of Sabarmati Riverfront. Saumya is trained in the Indian classical dance form Bharatnatyam and is an avid reader of Indology, Indian mythology, and Philosophy.

Kanika Gounder


Kanika is Programme Associate- Electric Mobility, with the Sustainable Cities and Transport programme at the World Resources Institute (WRI) India. At WRI, she works on sustainable mobility, electric mobility, and last-mile connectivity projects. Her work involves in-depth research writing, data analysis, and mapping. Prior to joining WRI India, Kanika worked as a Research Associate for the OPTIMISM project at Ahmedabad University. During her time at the University, she worked on the comprehensive assessment of the impact of urban transport on SDGs. She contributed to core secondary and primary data analyses, mapping, writing reports and research papers, and developing conference presentations. Preceding this, Kanika worked as an Associate Transport Planner at The Urban Catalysts, leading research projects on gender-responsive urban transportation. In addition, her internship at The Urban Lab enhanced her knowledge of designing streets and junctions. Kanika holds a master’s degree in Urban and Regional Planning specialising in Transportation Planning and a bachelor’s degree in Planning from CEPT University. Her areas of interest are electric mobility, sustainable development, public transport planning, transportation research, design, and policymaking. Her skills include high-quality mapping, data analysis, and visual communication. Kanika is passionate about music and is trained in Indian classical vocals. In her free time, she enjoys singing and playing the ukulele.

Amitkumar Dubey


Amitkumar Dubey is a doctoral candidate at Ahmedabad University’s Global Centre for Environment and Energy. While Amit’s research interests include sustainable development, climate mitigation, nature- and technology-based solutions, and emission modelling, he is keenly interested in Energy Transitions, Net-Zero Emission Systems, and Carbon Capture and Storage. Before enrolling in the doctoral programme, Amit worked as a Research Associate at the OPTIMISM project. He was involved in critically assessing the data gaps in prepared outputs, systematic literature review and analysis of extreme weather events’ impacts on urban transport, systematic literature review of urban transport’s relationship with SDGs, and comparative analysis of transport planning in India’s 100 Smart Cities. A graduate of CEPT University with a Master of Technology in Environment Engineering, Amit also has over six years of experience as an independent consultant in the Construction Project Management field. For two years, Amit also served as an Assistant Professor for undergraduate courses at the Institute of Architecture, Patan, and PP Savani University, Kosamba. His strengths include project management, communication, and technical skills, aided by curiosity and willingness to learn. He prefers listening to music and engaging with plant and animal life every chance he gets.

Bandish Patel


Bandish Patel is a climate change and sustainability enthusiast with close to a decade of experience in managing and implementing projects related to low-carbon urban development, low-carbon mobility, building energy efficiency, clean energy transitions, and SDGs in cities across India. He has an MBA in Energy and Environment from Symbiosis Institute of International Business and works as a Manager, Urban Climate Action, at Janaagraha, where he is primarily involved in the implementation of the Clean Energy Pathways for Low-Income Settlements in India programme. His work involves researching aspects of the cleanliness of energy sources, deepening the understanding of energy choices and usage patterns amongst the low-income settlements in Odisha, climate and policy assessment of Odisha, and developing pathways for adopting clean energy among the urban poor. He was recently associated with the OPTIMISM project at Ahmedabad University, which focused on addressing SDGs through low-carbon transportation in two Indian cities. Previously, he worked as a Project Officer at ICLEI South Asia. He worked on urban climate action planning projects, developing GHG Emissions Inventories, and piloting RE & EE projects at the city level. He has worked with nearly 15 ULBs in India and diverse stakeholders, including local communities, government officials at various levels, academia, and international NGOs and funding agencies. Bandish likes to read books and play badminton, and keeps a keen interest in Ayurveda in his free time.

Outreach & Stakeholder Consultations

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Experts’ Methodology Workshop (July 7, 2020)

The workshop was organised to discuss OPTIMISM’s methodology and seek experts’ input on the key steps. Specifically, to evolve a better understanding of transport-related mitigation and SDGs linkages in the Global South. International transport and planning experts reflected on:

  • Project methodology
  • Conceptual linkages between low-carbon transport intervention and United Nations’ SDGs
  • Identifying key transport intervention-SDG linkages to be validated at the ground level
  • Assigning assessment scores for each transport - SDG interaction
  • Pathways to foster synergies and mitigate trade-offs mitigation
  • Alternate climate change mitigation scenario for case-study cities
Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Online Experts’ Survey (June-August 2020)

The online survey captured experts’ opinions on the impact of transport interventions on sustainable outcomes in Indian cities. Experts included renowned members of academia, professionals, government officials, and non-government organisations (NGO) employees. The team provided experts with a list of transport interventions compiled from cities' low-carbon mobility plans to indicate whether the intervention would interact with selected sustainability themes and indicators. The team contacted 45 experts over three rounds of emails, with a 38 percent response rate by email.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Online Consultation with Udaipur’s Municipal Commissioner (September 2020)

The team had an online consultation with the commissioner of UMC to initiate collaboration with his office. In this meeting, we discussed possible agenda items for collaboration, UMC’s expectations from the project, and the fieldwork plan. This consultation began a fruitful collaboration between UMC and OPTIMISM (India) team.

Focus-Group Discussion with Mobility Experts, Non-Profit Organisations, Civil Society Representatives, Municipal Officers, and Community Members (August-September 2020): 

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Mobility in Rapidly Urbanising Megacities (August 31, 2020)

Experts from various backgrounds discussed transportation trends and needs in rapidly urbanising cities like Surat. Planning and Mobility experts shed light on urban planning’s relationship with transport demand in Surat. Municipal officers discussed transport planning interventions catering to rapid urbanisation and motorisation in their cities. The non-profit organisations and civil society representatives highlighted the challenges of various disadvantaged users like children, older adults, women, and the urban poor.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Mobility in Low-Income Neighbourhoods (September 2, 2020)

In collaboration with the Mahila Housing Trust, 25 women community representatives from Surat’s disadvantaged neighborhoods engaged with the OPTIMISM team on travel patterns and needs of the disadvantaged community members, with a focus on women’s mobility and mobility (neighborhood-level) during extreme weather events like extreme heat and monsoon.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Mobility in Heritage Towns and Cities (September 9, 2020)

Experts from different backgrounds with a working knowledge of mobility in Heritage Towns and Cities engaged with the OPTIMISM team on the unique mobility needs and challenges of Heritage Towns, transport infrastructure provision in the context of Cultural and Built Heritage Preservation, the impact of transport planning on heritage tourism, and innovative transport planning solutions tailored for heritage towns like Udaipur.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Stakeholder Interviews with Udaipur’s Tourists (October 2020)

Udaipur’s tourists are integral to the city’s economy and cultural heritage. To capture their unique travel demand, the team conducted semi-structured interviews with 50 tourists in the city’s prime locations – City Palace, Pichola Lake, Arts & Crafts Market Road, Gangaur Ghats, and Sukhadia Circle. The interviews also captured user satisfaction across several modes of transport in Udaipur, opinions on various policy interventions, and recommendations to enable sustainable mobility in the context of sustainable tourism and heritage preservation.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Consultations with Transport Operators (October-December 2020)

To capture the perspective of transport  operators in achieving sustainable mobility, the team conducted semi-structured interviews with about 135 transport operators like auto-rickshaw drivers, E-rickshaw drivers, taxi drivers, city bus and BRT drivers, and mini-bus providers in both cities. The interview aimed to capture transport demand for various modes, operational challenges across various sustainable transport modes, and recommendations to strengthen service provision for sustainable transport modes.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Stakeholder Interviews with Households and Businesses in the Vicinity of Transport Projects (October-December 2020)

To triangulate the findings from the literature, the team conducted semi-structured interviews with 240 households and businesses (shop owners and street vendors) in both cities. The interviews aimed to capture the socio-economic and health impacts of being located close to large-scale transport projects and infrastructure. The interviews also captured their opinions on common transport interventions like road widening, one-way streets, pedestrianisation of historic urban cores, and recommendations for enabling sustainable mobility for all.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Transport User Surveys (October-December 2020)

To capture demand-side trends of all transport users by transport modes, the team conducted a detailed user survey with 1665 individuals in both cities. The survey contained over 75 questions prompting the respondents to reflect on travel patterns, mode choices, user satisfaction, mobility challenges, safety while using transport, affordability of transport, resilience during extreme weather events, impacts of transport projects on their mobility and livelihoods, and recommendations to enable sustainable, low-carbon mobility in their cities.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Survey of Surat’s Low-income and Migrant Households (December 2020)

To ensure representation of Surat’s migrant and low-income households and capture their unique travel demand, the team conducted a detailed survey of 100 households across the city, including areas like Bhestan, Bhatar, Rander, Piplod, Pal, Adajan, Udhana, Navagam, Motived, Dindoli, via random-sampling. The survey aimed to capture socio-economic and demographic details, mode choices and mobility challenges, opinions on intermodal integration, experiences of displacement, and willingness to shift to sustainable ‘motorised’ modes.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Online consultation with Surat Municipal Corporation (June 22, 2021)

The team attended an invite-only workshop organised by Surat Municipal Corporation regarding Surat’s Post-Covid future. The workshop involved a meet-and-greet with various government officials, planners, and experts, followed by presentations on the national overview of resilience in Indian cities, management of the pandemic in Surat, the city’s new Development Plan, and recommendations to create a low-carbon, resilient city.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Climate Change and Cities (October 27, 2021)

The Global Centre for Environment and Energy, in collaboration with the Urban Climate Change Research Network (UCCRN), led by the Earth Institute at Columbia University, the International Urban and Regional Cooperation (IURC) and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), hosted a hybrid workshop on COVID-19, Climate Change, and Cities on October 27, 2021, at Ahmedabad University. The workshop strived to foster conversation between city officials, public health experts, and climate experts on their experience with COVID-19 and how this could influence urban policy, innovation, and financing toward resilient and low-carbon development. Officials, academicians, and planners discussed key strategies and success rates of the various initiatives deployed during the pandemic. Several key insights and best practices emerged from the technical sessions on transport during the pandemic. A total of 66 invited participants were involved in the workshop.

Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM)

Sustainable Urban Transport - A Way Forward (September 14, 2022)

The School of Arts and Sciences and the Global Centre for Environment and Energy co-hosted a Stakeholder and Policy Workshop on Sustainable Urban Transport – A Way Forward at Ahmedabad University on September 14, 2022, as part of the OPTIMISM project. The workshop’s objectives involved disseminating findings from the OPTIMISM project, discussing the way forward on Climate Mitigation Pathways in Urban Transport, and addressing the SDGs. A dominant theme in Assessment Report Six of the IPCC is that if climate change mitigation and SDGs have to go hand in hand, their synergies and trade-offs must be accounted for in the policies, planning, and implementation of the transport projects. Hence, the workshop brought together government organisations and transport experts to collectively work towards identifying actionable strategies to decarbonise urban transport and foster sustainable mobility in Indian cities. Each technical session began with panellists presenting opening ideas, followed by panel discussions. 18 speakers and 102 attendees participated in the workshop.

National and International Outreach

  • Mahadevia, D., Lathia, S., Gounder, K. (2021). Understanding Gendered Mobility in Indian Cities through Low Carbon Urban Transport Systems. Transport Research Board’s Conference on Advancing Transportation Equity (CATE). Washington, DC. September 9-14. 
  • Mahadevia, D. (2021). Future of Mobility through Local Innovation and Transport Solutions. Conference of Parties 26 (COP26); session organised by Department of Transport UK. Glasgow. November 10.
  • Mahadevia, D., Lathia, S., Gounder, K. (2022). Active Mobility, Exploring Co-Benefits of Active Transportation in a Low-Carbon Future: A Case of Two Indian Cities. Panel on Active Transport. 14th Ecocity World Summit. Rotterdam. February 22-24.
  • Mahadevia, D. (2022). Climate Change and the SDGs in Urban India: Synergies and Conflicts. International Conference on Tackling Climate Change through Urban Resilience: Role of Institutions and Public Policies in Canada and India. Indian Institute of Technology Tirupati. March 24-25. 
  • Mahadevia, D. (2022). Decarbonising Urban Public Transport. 8th Urban Policy Dialogues (UPD) 2022: Pathways Towards Future-ready Indian Cities. Indian Institute of Human Settlements, Bengaluru. November 29-30.
  • Mahadevia, D. (2022). Sustainable Urban Areas; Transportation Research & Injury Prevention Centre (TRIP Centre). Dinesh Mohan Memorial Symposium. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. September 8-9. 
  • Darshini Mahadevia, Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi. Urban Planning Conundrum & Epitaph; In Seminar Series, “Urban Planning in the Cities of Global South- Problems and Prospect. October 26, 2021.
  • Darshini Mahadevia, Centre for Urban Science and Engineering (CUSE), IIT Bombay. Urban Planning Conundrum & Epitaph; In Seminar Series, “Urban Planning in the Cities of Global South- Problems and Prospect. November 3, 2021.
  • Darshini Mahadevia, Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Hyderabad. Urban Planning Conundrum & Epitaph; In Seminar Series, “Urban Planning in the Cities of Global South- Problems and Prospect. January 30, 2023.
  • Mahadevia, D. (2022). She Rises: A Framework for Caring Cities. Virtual. December 22.
  • Pathak, M. Sustainable Urbanism: Global Perspectives with Dr Minal Pathak. Global Walkability Correspondents Network. December 2, 2022.
  • Mahadevia, D., Mukhopadhyay, C. (2021). Rethinking Urban Geography and Planning Through COVID-19. Israel Institute of Technology Haifa. April 20.
  • Mukhopadhyay, C. (2021). Practice of Smart Cities and Implications for Urban Planning and Design; Smart Cities Workshop. The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK). April 11.
  • Patel, B. (2022). Roundtable on Climate Change and India’s G20 Presidency: Work Required Towards Implementing Goals of the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Climate Agreement; Dasra and F20 (Foundation 20), Mumbai, September 13.
  • Patel, B. (2022). Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation workshop: Developing GHG emissions Inventory, Disaster Resilience Plans, and Climate Actions; NIUA, EU-funded GCoM-Asia, C-Cube, ICLEI South Asia, and AIILSG. Ahmedabad. August 29-30.
  • Lathia, S., Dubey, A. Urban Planning and Development in Indian Cities. Module 3, Democracy and Justice Program. Undergraduate College, Ahmedabad University, Ahmedabad, March 31, 2022.
  • Gounder, K. (2022) The Inclusive, Impactful, and Innovative (3I) Mobility Initiative for Hyderabad Metro; WRI India and Shell Foundation. Hyderabad, April 21.

Media Outreach


Journal Articles

  • Mukhopadhyay C, Mahadevia D. (2019). How do NDC and UN’s sustainable development goals introduce new meaning of sustainability within mega transport project appraisals?. Journal of Mega Infrastructure & Sustainable Development, 1(3), pp. 237-254. DOI: 10.1080/24724718.2021.1930946
  • Mahadevia, D, Mukhopadhyay, C. (2020). Covid-19 and Public Transport Conundrum in India. Town Planning Review. DOI: 10.3828/tpr.2020.78
  • Mukhopadhyay, C, Pathak, M. (2020). Partnership for electrification of urban passenger transport in India. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. (Partnership for the Goals) Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95963-4_106
  • Roy J, Some S, Das N, Pathak M. (2021). Demand side climate change mitigation actions and SDGs: literature review with systematic evidence search. Environmental Research Letters, (4), doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/abd81a
  • Mahadevia, D, Gounder K, Lathia S. (2022). Exploring Co-Benefits of Active Transportation in a Low-Carbon Future: A Case of Two Indian Cities. Ecocity World Summit (Rotterdam, 22nd-24th February). https://ecocitybuilders.org/wp-content/uploads/2022/11/EWS-21-22-Proceedings.pdf
  • Mahadevia, D., Mukhopadhyay, C., Lathia, S., Gounder, K. (2023) The Role of Urban Transport in Delivering Sustainable Development Goal 11: Learning from Two Indian Cities. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=4330203 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.4330203
  • Mahadevia, D., Pathak, M., Lathia, S., Mukhopadhyay, C., Rawal, S. (none/ unknown). Sustainable and Inclusive Low-Carbon Transport for Surat City, India. (Under review at Transport Research Part D). Available at SSRN: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4367977 

Book Chapters

  • Mahadevia, D., Lathia, S. (2023/2024). Sustainable Urbanisation - Exploring Housing-Transport Linkages for Low-Income Populations in Tier II Metros in India.

Policy Briefs


  • Sustainable Urban Transport in Indian Cities: An Experts’ Workshop Report
    This report stems from a stakeholder and policy workshop organised to disseminate research findings of the Opportunities for Climate Mitigation and Sustainable Development (OPTIMISM) project and to discuss a way forward for climate mitigation pathways for urban transport in Indian cities.
  • COVID-19, Climate Change and Cities: Learning From the Pandemic; A Stakeholder Workshop Report
    This report stems from a stakeholder workshop aimed at fostering dialogue between city officials, public health experts, and climate experts about their experience of managing COVID-19 and the pandemic's influence on urban policy, innovation, and financing towards resilient and low-carbon development. The report features several Best Practice Case Studies that emerged from the workshop

Conference Presentations

  • Future of Mobility through Local Innovation and Transport Solutions. Conference of Parties 26 (COP26); session organized by Department of Transport UK. Glasgow. November 10. Presentation Accessible at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o8e3MQZFWYc
  • Understanding Gendered Mobility in Indian Cities through Low Carbon Urban Transport Systems. Transport Research Board’s Conference on Advancing Transportation Equity (CATE). Washington, DC. September 9-14. Presentation Accessible at:  https://drive.google.com/file/d/1HcZ7MXCqzrvFXdffgsRSTCzxklK5D3sr/view?usp=sharing
  • Active Mobility, Exploring Co-Benefits of Active Transportation in a Low-Carbon Future: A Case of Two Indian Cities. Panel on Active Transport. 14th Ecocity World Summit. Rotterdam. February 22-24. Presentation Accessible at: https://cslide.ctimeetingtech.com/eco21/attendee/person/persons?q=darshini