The Conference on Climate Change and Land on 23rd August 2019 at Ahmedabad University is organised by Global Centre for Environment and Energy. This is in the context of the recently released report by the United Nation Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (UN-IPCC) titled “Climate Change and Land, an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems.” This Special Report on Climate Change and Land responds to the Panel decision in 2016 to prepare three Special Reports during the Sixth Assessment cycle, taking account of proposals from governments and observer organisations. This report addresses greenhouse gas (GHG) fluxes in land-based ecosystems, land use and sustainable land management in relation to climate change adaptation and mitigation, desertification, land degradation and food security. This Report follows the publication of other recent Reports, including the IPCC Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5°C (SR15), the thematic assessment of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) on Land Degradation and Restoration, the IPBES Global Assessment Report on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services, and the Global Land Outlook of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). This Report provides an updated assessment of the current state of knowledge while striving for coherence and complementarity with other recent Reports. In this context, it would be great to take the stock of the emerging research areas, initiatives and policy issues by engaging in discussion with the high-level experts, authors of this report, IPCC co-chairs and Indian government representatives.